CRESCENDO addresses the following key objectives:

  1. To improve the representation of key biogeochemical and aerosol processes in European Earth System Models (ESM).
  2. To develop an ESM evaluation tool for benchmarking and advanced analysis of ESM simulations.
  3. To apply this evaluation tool to assess the realism of the project improved ESMs.
  4. To diagnose and quantify key Earth system feedbacks and their role in future Earth system change.
  5. To develop and apply methods to constrain the probable range of these Earth system feedbacks and thereby reduce the spread in future Earth system projections.
  6.  To coordinate a European contribution to key Model Intercomparison Projects (MIPs) within the 6th Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP6).
  7. To contribute to the development of a new set of future emission and land-use scenarios for use by ESMs within the CMIP6 scenarioMIP.
  8. To produce a coordinated ensemble of ESM projections, based on these new scenarios and ensure this data is made available to the international research community.
  9. To work with the climate impacts and regional downscaling communities to ensure ESM data produced in the project is fully used in these research areas.
  10.  To ensure knowledge developed in the project is communicated to key stakeholder communities in an engaging and understandable form.